GPA Calculation

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Grade Point Average (GPA) Calculation

Kalamazoo Valley Community College utilizes credit hours, numeric grades and quality points to calculate grade point averages. It is a simple formula that multiplies each course's credit hour value by the grade earned to award quality points. The total quality points awarded is then divided by the number of credit hours attempted to arrive at the GPA.

Credit Hours x Grade = Quality Points
Total Quality Points / Total Credits Attempted = GPA

Courses that are not assigned a numeric grade, such as Credit/No Credit courses (CR or NC grades), will not be included in GPA calculations. When passed, they will be added to the total credits earned toward a degree. Audited (V) and Withdrawn (W) courses are not included in GPA calculations or credit hour totals.

The example below shows how GPA totals are calculated on a student's transcript for two semesters. As you can see this student struggled a bit their first semester. Perhaps they attempted too many credits during a time when they encountered personal demands on their time such as an employer requiring them to work extra hours. The course they withdrew from will not be counted toward their GPA. The course they failed will bring their GPA down because the attempted credits are still calculated, but no quality points were earned.

The good news is the student did well their second semester. Not only did their grades improve, they also took advantage of the repeat course policy. Any time a course is repeated, only the highest or most recent grade will be included in the overall GPA calculation. Students can improve their GPA by retaking courses as you can see from the improved grade in math. The final Repeat (R) column indicates if a course is Included (I) or Excluded (E) from the GPA calculation.

Fall 2005

Course Credit Hours Grade Quality Points R
ACC 101 Principles of Accounting 1 4 x 3.0 = 12 I
ECO 201 Macroeconomics 3 W
MATH 150 College Algebra 4 x 1.5 = 6 E
FRL 101 Elementary French 4 x 0.0 = 0 I
Semester Total 12 18
Semester GPA: 1.50 (18 quality points/12 cr. hrs.)

Winter 2006

Course Credit Hours Grade Quality Points R
ENG 110 College Writing 3 x 4.0 = 12 I
PSI 101 American Government 4 x 3.0 = 12 I
MATH 150 College Algebra 3 x 3.5 = 10.5 I
BUS 105 Principles of Marketing 3 x 3.5 = 10.5 I
Semester Total 13 45
Semester GPA: 3.46 (45 quality points/13 cr. hrs.)


Course Credit Hours Quality Points
Overall Total 21 57
Overall GPA: 2.71 (57 quality points/21 cr. hrs.)